10 Important File Types You May Not Know About

Photo by Ilya Pavlov on Unsplash


1. EPS – Encapsulated Postscript

Is your logo pixelated no matter what you size it to? An EPS is a graphics file format that creates files that are vector-based. Graphics can still be in high-resolution in any scale, and design software like Adobe Illustrator can help you create an EPS file or convert it into other types such as JPG and PNG files.


2. PDF – Portable Document Format

Whether you are on Google Chrome or Firefox, a PDF file can be viewed while keeping the format and text just the same, not only on the screen but also on paper. This makes it a great way to view any vector-based graphics anytime and anywhere. On top of that, Adobe Acrobat can be utilized to edit PDF files.


3. TIFF – Tagged Image File

If you are looking for a raster file that keeps the same quality in a lossless compression? A TIFF file can keep image data as how it was originally no matter how much you manipulate, save, copy, etc. the file. Color images that are high quality can be saved with a TIFF including multiple layers and pages. It is great for photos that you plan to print even though the file may take a long time to load.


4. JPEG or JPG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

Did you notice the picture above on this page? That picture is a JPEG, a common file type with a compressed image, usually for digital photos. You can open it in countless programs that support images. Since the file size is decreased when saved as a JPEG, the page will load quicker which is the reason why it is so popular to use in places like websites. However, as the file size decreases even more, it lowers the quality of the image due to the lossy compression.


5. PNG – Portable Network Graphics

If your image doesn’t have too many details, a PNG can be a great choice. This image file has a lossless compression used for graphics and color support. It does not support CMYK color as it is not commonly utilized with professional graphics. Logos, charts, and more can be saved as a PNG file.


6. ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange

Have you ever seen all those binary numbers and wondered what they could be used for? An ASCII is a code that creates a display of characters such as numbers and can remove characters as well. You can say that it is the language between computers for data transfers. Web developers and programmers make use of ASCII with the 128 characters.


7. MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group

Movies that are created and put out on the Internet are saved in a MPEG video file. Audio, video, and other image data are compressed into a lossy format, creating smaller files. To open a MPEG file, you can use programs such as Windows Media Player and VLC media player. It is supported by many browsers, but not HTML5.


8. MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface

When you create music with your electronic keyboard, you can control many different sounds with the help of MIDI. Digital notes from MIDI files can be encoded and distributed to digital and hardware devices. The loudness, timing, type, and duration of notes are stored in them.


9. AVI – Audio Video Interleave

Created by Microsoft, an AVI file contains audio and video data and is mainly for use on Windows computers. Although many video players support AVI files, the data encoded in them must be compatible with the video player.


10. WAV – Waveform Audio File Format

You could be listening to the new track from your favorite artist through a WAV file. This audio file is the standard for PCs and is mostly seen with Windows-based computers, though it can be played on Macintosh and Linux. Unlike MPEG files, WAV files are supported by HTML5.









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